Japanese has two verb types, consonant (godan) verbs and vowel (ichidan) verbs, each with their corresponding conjugations. Here is an example of each with conjugation into the past and -masu forms.
- 食べる (taberu) – to eat
- Past: 食べた (tabeta)
- ~Masu (polite): 食べます (tabemasu)
Consonant verb (godan)
- 分かる (wakaru) – to understand
- Past: 分かった (wakatta)
- ~Masu (polite): 分かります (wakarimasu)
The vowel verbs typically end with eru/iru, however there are some verbs that end in eru/iru which are consonant verbs. These can be looked up in a dictionary, but I’ve listed some of the most common ones below.
- 走る (hashiru) – to run
- 帰る (kaeru) – to return (home)
- つねる (tsuneru) – to pinch
- 要る (iru) – to need
- 喋る (shaberu) – to speak, to chat
- 切る(kiru) – to cut
- 知る (shiru) – to know
- 蹴る (keru) – to kick
- 散る (chiru) – to scatter
- 焦る (aseru) – to hurry
- 握る (nigiru) – to grasp
- 弄る（ijiru) – to fiddle with
- 入る (hairu) – to enter
Supposedly there are roughly 100 of these in total, and if you want to see a bigger list check here.
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About tsuneru is godan, but not suneru being ichidan .
Thanks. Fixed it