This is another post in my Read & Answer series of articles where I give a short dialog in Japanese followed by one or more questions to test your understanding. You can see more about this series here, and a list of the other articles in it here.
This will be Level 1, which is the easiest level and targets those who have only studied Japanese a few months to a year or so. Having said that, some of the vocabulary words (or Kanji) I use may not be words commonly learned in the first few months. Because of that I’ve given a list of Kanji words and some of the non-Kanji words with their definitions below the answer choices, so you only need to be able to read hiragana and katakana for this exercise.
For more advanced students, I suggest trying to answer the questions without looking at the word readings and meanings.
What is most likely the topic of this sentence?
Answer Choices 1
a) An essay
b) A test
c) A meeting
d) It cannot be guessed without more information
What is the meaning of the word もう in the passage?
Answer Choices 2
a) any more
c) it functions with すこし as a set phrase to mean “a little more”
d) to express the extent of the words before it (勉強を)
Did the action “合格” actually happen?
Answer Choices 3
c) It is unclear from the context
*Bonus Question: Assuming spoken language, what is one abbreviation you could make in this passage to make it sound a little more casual?
Word readings and meanings
残念: zannen (too bad)
勉強: benkyou (study)
合格: goukaku (to pass [a test, etc.])
もう: mou (several disjoint meanings: already, soon, more, etc.)
すこし: sukoshi (a little)
できた: dekita (past tense of できる, “to be able to”))
Please see this post for an detailed explanation and examples for the particle combination「のに」.
Q1: b) A test (勉強 and 合格 usually refer to a test)
Q2: c) it functions with すこし as a set phrase to mean “a little more”
Q3: b) No (the のに here is used to express regret, a sense of “if only…”, so “passing (the test)” did not actually occur.
BonusQ: The 「い」 in 「していたら」 can be omitted to make 「してたら」. Also, the 「を」 could also be omitted.
If you enjoyed this please comment and/or like this post so I know to write more. Also let me know if you want more difficult or more easier passages.