Japanese consanant verbs that end with eru/iru

By | March 10, 2015

Japanese has two verb types, consonant (godan) verbs and vowel (ichidan) verbs, each with their corresponding conjugations. Here is an example of each with conjugation into the past and -masu forms.

Vowel (ichidan)

  • 食べる (taberu) – to eat
    • Past: 食べた (tabeta)
    • ~Masu (polite): 食べます (tabemasu)

Consonant verb (godan)

  • 分かる (wakaru) – to understand
    • Past: 分かった (wakatta)
    • ~Masu (polite): 分かります (wakarimasu)

The vowel verbs typically end with eru/iru, however there are some verbs that end in eru/iru which are consonant verbs. These can be looked up in a dictionary, but I’ve listed some of the most common ones below.

  • 走る (hashiru) – to run
  • 帰る (kaeru) – to return (home)
  • すねる (suneru) – to pout
  • 要る (iru) – to need
  • 喋る (shaberu) – to speak, to chat
  • 切る(kiru) – to cut
  • 知る (shiru) – to know
  • 蹴る (keru) – to kick
  • 散る (chiru) – to scatter
  • 焦る (aseru) – to hurry
  • 握る (nigiru) – to grasp
  • 弄る(ijiru) – to fiddle with
  • 入る (hairu) – to enter

Supposedly there are roughly 100 of these in total, and if you want to see a bigger list check here.



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  1. Pingback: Japanese verb 切る and related expressions | Self Taught Japanese

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